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 Mind Map, Mindmapping and Mindmap Tools, Các công cụ tổ chức và biểu đạt t&#
Vietnam Ebook
  Posted: Dec 29 2005, 08:08 PM


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Những công cụ phát triển và biểu đạt tư duy

user posted image

Những công cụ này giúp các bạn khởi tạo, quản lư, tổ chức các ư tưởng, làm chúng trở nên rơ ràng. Sau đó bạn có thể lưu giữ các ư tưởng của ḿnh để có thể sử dụng chúng sau này. Chúng cũng có thể giúp bạn tŕnh bày ư tưởng của ḿnh với người khác cực kư hiệu quả.

MindManager Pro 6 - Mindmap Tools tốt nhất
http://z14.invisionfree.com/trithuc/index.php?showtopic=47

Axon Idea Processor - A Visualization Tool for Thinkers
http://z14.invisionfree.com/trithuc/index.php?showtopic=48

PersonalBrain 3.0
http://z14.invisionfree.com/trithuc/index.php?showtopic=49

ConceptDraw MINDMAP 4- Mind Mapping, Brainstorming
http://z14.invisionfree.com/trithuc/index.php?showtopic=50

Visual Mind- Effeciency through smart thinking!
http://z14.invisionfree.com/trithuc/index.php?showtopic=51

i2Brain- The Visual Information Manager
http://z14.invisionfree.com/trithuc/index.php?showtopic=52

Microsoft Visio 2003
http://z14.invisionfree.com/trithuc/index.php?showtopic=53

Mindmapper 4.5- Your Visual Thinking Tool
http://z14.invisionfree.com/trithuc/index.php?showtopic=54

Inspiration- The Premier Tool to Develop & Organize Ideas
http://z14.invisionfree.com/trithuc/index.php?showtopic=55

Smartdraw Suite 7- The Internet's #1 Drawing Tool
http://z14.invisionfree.com/trithuc/index.php?showtopic=56

MindGenius 2005 -Optimize what you Learn, Think and Do!
http://z14.invisionfree.com/trithuc/index.php?showtopic=59

FreeMind - free mind mapping software
http://z14.invisionfree.com/trithuc/index.php?showtopic=121



Các bạn quan tâm đến chủ đề Mind Map và Mind Map Tools xin mời ghé thăm những địa chỉ này hoặc t́m trên Google với từ khóa: mindmap, mindmapping, mind map, mindtools, brainstorming

http://www.jcu.edu.au/studying/services/studyskills/mindmap/
http://www.peterussell.com/mindmaps/mindmap.html
http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newISS_01.htm
http://www.studygs.net/mapping/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mind_mapping
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mind_map
http://www.mapyourmind.com/
http://directory.google.com/Top/Reference/...n/Mind_Mapping/
http://www.mind-mapping.co.uk/
http://members.optusnet.com.au/~charles57/Creative/Mindmap/
http://www.mycoted.com/creativity/techniques/mindmap.php


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Vietnam Ebook
  Posted: Jan 2 2006, 10:01 AM


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Mind map
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mindmap
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

A mind map or mindmap is a pictorial representation of how a central concept is linked to other concepts and issues. It is similar to a semantic network or cognitive map but there are no formal restrictions on the kinds of links used. Most often the map involves color or monochrome images, words, and lines. The elements are arranged intuitively according to the importance of the concepts and they are organized into groupings, branches, or areas.

In other words, a mind map is a multicolored and image centered radial diagram that represents semantic or other connections between portions of learned material. The uniform graphic formulation of the semantic structure of information on the way to gathering knowledge may help reconsolidation of memories. It is advertised as a way of increasing motivation to work on a task. For example, the map can graphically illustrate the structure of government institutions in a state. A mind map well-structured and well-established can be subject to review (e.g. with spaced repetition).

Example of a generic mind map:
user posted image

Example of a mindmap
user posted image

Example of mind mapping - With suggested exercise

This mind map shows a mind mapper's perspective on the claims and counter claims of mind mapping, and clearly demonstrates the visual impact of the mind map. The ambiguity of the brief keywords/phrases, and metaphorical imagery allow for further free association by the mapper or the viewer. One additional mind mapping exercise would be to take the map, and expand the branches outwards to include one's own associations, images, and perspectives.

The current images represent mapping, motivation, nurture/fertilizing the imagination, pseudoscience and BSing (brainstorming) as opposed to creativity, and limited thinking through restricted range of learning strategies. It is all open to creative interpretation.


The branches show the claims: Mind mapping is an alleged panacea that encourages radiant thinking (the new "revolution" in human thought), that the "originator" Tony Buzan claims to be a learning guru and has a cult following, and the mind map is perported to improve mental literacy. It aids the attainment of "perfect memory", and keeps the user out of the semi hypnotic trance induced by other note taking forms. It is associated with geniuses such as Richard Branson and Muhamed ali, and it is trademarked for use in motivational seminars and book sales.

Counter claims; That it limits the range of learning strategies, and is not an original creation. The hype leads to anticlimax and non motivation due to low power. The hyperbole used for promotion includes pseudoscience and quackery, it does not easily increase creativity per se, and the left/right brain mythology employed leads to simplistic thinking and the purchase of further dubious products.....



Contents
1 Origins
2 Uses of Mind Maps
3 Mind map guidelines
4 Scholarly research on mind maps
5 Tools
6 Mind mapping in contrast with concept mapping
7 Trademarks
8 See also
9 References
10 External links

Origins
Mind maps (or similar concepts) have been used for centuries, for learning, brainstorming, memory, visual thinking, and problem solving by educators, engineers, psychologists and people in general. Some of the earliest examples mind maps were developed by Porphyry of Tyros, a noted thinker of the 3rd century as he graphically visualised the concept categories of Aristotle. Ramon Llull also used these structures of the mind map form.

People have been using image centred radial graphic organizers referred to variably as mental or generic mind maps for centuries in areas such as engineering, psychology, and education, although the claim to the origin of the mind map has been made by a British popular psychology author, Tony Buzan. He claimed the idea was inspired by the general semantics of science fiction novels, such as those of A. E. van Vogt and L. Ron Hubbard. He argues that 'traditional' articles rely on the reader to scan left to right and top to bottom, whilst what actually happens is that the brain will scan the entire page in a non-linear fashion. He also uses popular assumptions about the cerebral hemispheres in order to promote the exclusive use of mind mapping over other forms of note making.

More recently the semantic network was developed as a theory to understand human learning, and developed into mind maps by the rennaisance man Dr Allan Collins, and the noted researcher M. Ross Quillian during the early 1960s. As such, due to his commitment and published research, and his work with learning, creativity, and graphical thinking, Dr Allan Collins can be considered the father of the modern mind map.

The mind map continues to be used in various forms, and for various applications including learning and education (where it is often taught as 'Webs' or 'Webbing'), planning and in engineering diagraming.

The structure of a mind map has a similar but simplified radial structure compared to that of the earlier original concept map, which was developed by learning experts in the 1960s.

Uses of Mind Maps
Mind map has many applications in personal, family, educational, and business situations, including note-taking, a modified variant of brainstorming (ideas are judged and put into an organized structure as opposed to the classical brainstorming where judgement is reserved for later stages), summarizing, revising and general clarifying of thoughts. For example, one could listen to a lecture and take down notes using mind maps for the most important points or keywords. One can also use mind maps as a mnemonic technique or to sort out a complicated idea. Mind maps are also promoted as a way to collaborate in colour pen creativity sessions. Some of the literature around mind-mapping has made claims that one can find the perfect lover, combat bullying, persuade clients, develop intuitive powers, create global harmony, and tap the deeper levels of consciousness by using mind map techniques.

Software and technique research have concluded that managers and students find the techniques of mind mapping to be useful, being better able to retain information and ideas than by using traditional 'linear' note taking methods.

Mindmaps can be drawn by hand, either as 'rough notes', for example, during a lecture or meeting, or can be more sophisticated in quality. Examples of both are illustrated. There are also a number of software packages available for producing mind maps (see below).

Mind map guidelines
These are the foundation structures of a Mind Map, although these are open to free interpretation by the individual:

Start in the centre with an image of the topic, using at least 3 colours.
Use images, symbols, codes and dimensions throughout your Mind Map.
Select key words and print using upper or lower case letters.
Each word/image must be alone and sitting on its own line.
The lines must be connected, starting from the central image. The central lines are thicker, organic and flowing, becoming thinner as they radiate out from the centre.
Make the lines the same length as the word/image.
Use colours – your own code – throughout the Mind Map.
Develop your own personal style of Mind Mapping.
Use emphasis and show associations in your Mind Map.
Keep the Mind Map clear by using Radiant hierarchy, numerical order or outlines to embrace your branches.
(See: BUZAN, Tony. The Mind Map Book. Chapter "Mind Mapping Guidelines").

Scholarly research on mind maps
Buzan (1991) claims that the mind map is a vastly superior note taking method because it does not lead to the alleged "semi-hypnotic trance" state induced by the other note forms. Buzan also claims that the mind map utilizes the full range of left and right human cortical skills, balances the brain, taps into the 99% of your unused mental potential, and taps into your intuition (which he calls "superlogic"). There has been research conducted on the technique which suggests that such claims may actually be marketing hype based on urban myths about the brain and the cerebral hemispheres.

There are benefits to be gained by applying a wide range of graphic organizers, and it follows that the mind map, specifically, is limited to only a few learning tasks. Research by Farrand, Hussain, and Hennessy (2002) found that the mind map technique had a limited but significant impact on recall only, in undergraduate students (a 10% increase over baseline for a 600-word text only) as compared to preferred study methods (a −6% increase over baseline). This improvement was only robust after a week for those in the mind map group, and there was a significant decrease in motivation compared to the subjects' preferred methods of note taking. They suggested that learners preferred to use other methods because using a mind map was an unfamiliar technique, and its status as a "memory enhancing" technique engendered reluctance to apply it. Pressley, VanEtten, Yokoi, Freebern, and VanMeter (1998) found that learners tended to learn far better by focusing on the content of learning material rather than worrying over any one particular form of note-making.

Tools
Xem và download tại đây:


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Vietnam Ebook
  Posted: Jan 2 2006, 10:07 AM


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Posts: 389
Member No.: 1
Joined: 14-November 05



Mind Maps
Before the web came hypertext.
And before hypertext came mind maps.


Mind maps were developed in the late 60s by Tony Buzan as a way of helping students make notes that used only key words and images. They are much quicker to make, and because of their visual quality much easier to remember and review. The non-linear nature of mind maps makes it easy to link and cross-reference different elements of the map.

Uses of Mind Maps

Notes. Whenever information is being taken in, mind maps help organize it into a form that is easily assimilated by the brain and easily remembered. They can be used for noting anything -- books, lectures, meetings, interviews, phone conversations.

Recall. Whenever information is being retrieved from memory, mind maps allow ideas to be quickly noted as they occur, in an organized manner. There's no need to form sentences and write them out in full. They serve as quick and efficient means of review and so keep recall at a high level.

Creativity. Whenever you want to encourage creativity, mind maps liberate the mind from linear thinking, allowing new ideas to flow more rapidly. Think of every item in a mind map as the center of another mind map.

Problem solving. Whenever you are confronted by a problem -- professional or personal -- mind maps help you see all the issues and how they relate to each other. They also help others quickly get an overview of how you see different aspects of the situation, and their relative importance.

Planning. Whenever you are planning something, mind maps help you get all the relevant information down in one place and organize it easily. They can be used for planning any piece of writing from a letter to a screenplay to a book (I use a master map for the whole book, and a detailed sub-map for each chapter), or for planning a meeting, a day or a vacation.

Presentations. Whenever I speak I prepare a mind map for myself of the topic and its flow. This not only helps me organize the ideas coherently; the visual nature of the map means that I can read the whole thing in my head as I talk, without ever having to look at a sheet of paper.

Advantages of Mind Maps

Disadvantages of traditional linear notes:

-Energy and time wasted writing down superfluous words.
-Other information may be missed while noting down one idea.
-Take longer to read and review.
-Associations and connections between key words and ideas not readily apparent.
-Attention wanders easily.
-Lack of color and other visual qualities handicap memory.
-Traditional notes aid forgetting not memory.

Mind maps work the way the brain works -- which is not in nice neat lines.

Memory is naturally associative, not linear. Any idea probably has thousands of links in your mind. Mind maps allow associations and links to be recorded and reinforced.

The mind remembers key words and images, not sentences -- try recalling just one sentence from memory! Mind maps use just key words and key images, allowing a lot more information to be put on a page.

Because mind maps are more visual and depict associations between key words, they are much easier to recall than linear notes. (For example, although you may not have studied it in depth, see how much of the Home Mind Map of this site you can recall in your mind's eye.)

Starting from the center of the page rather than top-left corner allows you to work out in all directions.

The organization of a mind map reflects the way your own brain organizes ideas.

Mind maps are easy to review. Regular review reinforces memory. Best is to try reviewing in your imagination first, then go back and check on those areas that were hazy.

We remember what stands out (where were you when John Lennon was shot?). Visual quality of mind maps allows you to make key points to stand out easily.

How to Mind Map

-Use just key words, or wherever possible images.
-Start from the center of the page and work out.
-Make the center a clear and strong visual image that depicts the general theme of the map.
-Create sub-centers for sub-themes.
-Put key words on lines. This reinforces structure of notes.
-Print rather than write in script. It makes them more readable and memorable.
-Lower case is more visually distinctive (and better remembered) than upper case.
-Use color to depict themes, associations and to make things stand out.
-Anything that stands out on the page will stand out in your mind.
-Think three-dimensionally.
-Use arrows, icons or other visual aids to show links between different elements.
-Don't get stuck in one area. If you dry up in one area go to another branch.
-Put ideas down as they occur, wherever they fit. Don't judge or hold back.
-Break boundaries. If you run out of space, don't start a new sheet; paste more paper onto the map. (Break the 8x11 mentality.)
-Be creative. Creativity aids memory.
-Get involved. Have fun.



--------------------
VietnamEbook hiện đang muốn nhượng lại toàn bộ kho tài liệu của ḿnh cho các cá nhân, nhóm, tổ chức để nghiên cứu, sưu tầm hoặc kinh doanh. Xin liên hệ trực tiếp
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Bạn là người say mê các tạp chí kinh doanh? - Harvard Business Review - The Economist - Wall Street Journal - BusinessWeek
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